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Mar 23, 2010

Avances en el programa de futura fragata de Turquía/Progress in Turkey's Long-Delayed Frigate Program

Turquía ha recibido respuestas a sus requerimientos información de empresas nacionales y extranjeras, en relación a la construcción de seis fragatas.. El programa recibe el nombre de TF-2000,(Turkish Frigate for the 21st Century). El coste aproximado del programa es de 3.000 millones de dólares, y será realizado en 10 o 12 años. La primera tiene prevista su entrada en servicio en 2018. El programa fue lanzado originalmente a finales de los 90, pero los planes se archivaron debido a problemas financieros. En 2006 fue rescatado reduciendo el número de unidades de ocho a seis. El Instituto Naval de Turquía está trabajando en el diseño. Se espera incrementar y reforzar las capacidades navales de Turquía, utilizando medios nacionales.
El astillero militar de Tuzla, construirá las seis unidades, que estarán dotadas de la mas avanzada tecnología, con armas antimisil, antiaéreas, etc. Con la participación extranjera se espera obtener una gran transferencia de tecnología.
Las fragatas embarcarán helicópteros y UAV, y desplazarán unas 6.000 tm.
La Armada de Turquía opera 19 fragatas de los tipos Oliver Hazard Perry, Knox y Meko. Las mas antiguas de las Knox serán retiradas proximamente.
Otros proyectos de la Armada son la construcción conjunta con Alemania de seis submarion y 12 corbetas de producción integramente nacional (clase Milgem), cuya primera unidad, la TCG Heybeliada, fue botada en 2008, siendo 2011 su fecha prevista de entrada en servicio.
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Turkey has received responses to its January request for information from several foreign and domestic companies seeking to help build six anti-air frigates to a local design.
Turkey's defense procurement agency, obtained information on directed infrared countermeasures, electric generation and distribution systems, heating-ventilating-air conditioning, integrated platform management systems, laser directed/kinetic energy weapons, main propulsion systems and the naval gun system.
The program is dubbed the TF-2000, or Turkish Frigate for the 21st Century. Officials expect the program to cost Ankara about $3 billion in today's prices; it will be completed in 10 to 12 years. The first ship is to enter service in 2018.
The program, originally planned in the late 1990s and shelved during the 2001 economic crisis, was resuscitated in 2006. The program was trimmed to six frigates from the proposed eight. The Navy's Turkish Naval Institute is working on the design, the country's first homegrown plan for a frigate. The program aims to bolster the Navy's air defense and operational capabilities using mostly domestic assets.
Turkey's Tuzla military shipyard in the country's northwest will build the six vessels, which will be equipped with state-of-the-art anti-missile and anti-aircraft air defense missile systems as well as other weapons.
Heavy foreign involvement and a large amount of technology transfer is expected in the program.
Naval warfare helicopters and UAVs also are planned to be deployed on the TF-2000s, which will displace more than 6,000 tons.
The Turkish Navy now operates 19 frigates, including U.S. Oliver Hazard Perry- and Knox-class and German Meko-class warships. Some of the older Knox-class frigates will be retired soon.
Turkey - expected to spend slightly more than $4 billion for defense procurement in 2010 - in recent years has focused on Navy programs, particularly their local design and development wherever possible.
Other top Navy projects include joint manufacture with Germany of six modern submarines and mostly local development and production of up to 12 corvettes.
The first ship in the Milgem-type corvette program, the TCG Heybeliada, was put to sea in late 2008 and is planned to be commissioned in 2011. Milgem, as a national naval development program, is seen as a precursor of the TF-2000.

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